Among the causes for periodontal (gum) disease are genetic susceptibility, smoking, and other illnesses like diabetes. Periodontal maintenance involves removing plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line. Most gum diseases are preventable with proper oral hygiene. However, what can start out as gingivitis (inflamed or bleeding gums) can quickly turn into periodontitis. In such cases, gums pull away from the tooth to create “pockets,” thereby exposing a dental root to infection. It can also lead to prolonged bad breath, loose teeth, painful chewing and other complications.
Diagnosing Gum Disease
Our dentist in coordination with the hygienist's findings will develop a treatment plan. At the first visit, x-rays will be taken to assess the bone levels around the teeth as well as to check for cavities. Next, will be the periodontal exam which involves probing around each tooth to assess the pocket depths.
There are various ways to treat periodontal disease in our office. We often use the cavitron in addition to hand instruments, but sometimes we use our Biolase laser to clean deeper pockets. The methods we use vary case by case, and our staff will talk you through your options.